Energy production can be split in:
- Oilshale / tar sand
- Bio energy
Original the GPV technique was designed for breakdown off the organic components of sludge
Due the efficient integrated heat exchanger, more then 80 % of the heat staid in the system.
30 % was used for heating up the incoming slurry.
50 % was used for cooling, hereby steam was produced for external purpose.
20 % was lost, because de outcomming slurry was warmer then the incoming.
( these values are depending on the length of the GPV, tube diameters and velocity of flow )
In Apeldoorn a GPV of 1200 meters was used.
Due the thermal expansion coefficient, the maximum heat is limited.
When a different detail is used, maximum temperature of 500 Degrees Celsius is possible
The GPV technique is specially designed for wet oxidation of low energy components.
Oilshale and tar sand has a high percentage of minerals ( +/- 50 %) and cause by traditional burning techniques huge amount of pollution and CO2 outcome.
Due the minerals, the percentage of residue is big and the efficiency is small
In a special GPV, there is a wet oxidation of all the Carbon parts.
This excellent oxidation cause a outcome off almost 100 % CO2, which can be used for CCS or GPV carbonisation.
Innovation Concepts B.V. from the Netherlands has a different patent pending due the GPV technique and producing energy from Oil-shale residue and tar sand.
During the year 2011, several tests will be profiled.
Innovation Concepts B.V. designed a special autoclave, which simulate the GPV process on Lab scale.